Empathy and Social Communication
The main issue of the symposium is to discuss any possibility of the design of artificial empathy for robots through the understanding of the natural empathy. Such attempt may contribute not only to the design of artificial empathy avoiding the superficial one but also to providing new insight on the empathy. First, Prof. de Waal will give a brief review on the evolution of empathy in primates, and then, Prof. Ishiguro will introduce communication robots with artificial empathetic ability. Finally, we discuss about empathy in future symbiotic society with Prof. Adolphs.
10:00 – 10:05 Opening Remarks Toshikazu Hasegawa (The University of Tokyo）
10:05 – 10:25 Morning Session Opening Remarks Minoru Asada（Osaka University）
10:25 – 11:05 “Animal Emotions and Empathy” Frans de Waal（Emory University）
11:05 – 11:20 Coffee Break
11:20 – 11:45 “Communication Robots” Hiroshi Ishiguro (Osaka University)
11:45 – 12:30 Panel Discussion: Empathy and Social Communication
(Ralph Adolphs (Caltech), Frans de Waal, Minoru Asada, Hiroshi Ishiguro)
Evolutional and Neural basis of Morality
Biological and social scientists are now collaborating in the endeavor of finding answers to the question of what makes humans a moral and cooperative species. In this symposium, two cutting edge researchers who are advancing our understanding of the puzzle of human prosociality will show us the directions that their findings are heading. This symposium will start out with Professor Greene’s talks about two ways we make moral judgments – fast and intuitive moral thinking that is efficient but inflexible and slow moral reasoning that is flexible but inefficient – of which understanding is critical to solving modern moral problems, followed by Professor Adolphs who will talk about emotion systems in our brain and how they are related to social behavior and our ability to make moral judgments. Following these talks, Professor Nobuhara, a scientific philosopher, and Professor Kameda, a scientist of social decision making, will discuss the issues raised by the Professors Greene and Adolphs in a panel discussion.
14:30 – 14:40 Opening Remarks Toshio Yamagishi (Hitotsubashi University)
14:40 – 15:30 “Human Morality: Features and Bugs” Joshua Greene (Harvard University)
15:30 – 16:20 “Emotions, feelings, and social behavior: implications for morality”
Ralph Adolphs (California Institute of Technology)
16:20 – 16:40 Coffee Break
16:40 – 17:00 Comments Yukihiro Nobuhara (The University of Tokyo)
Tatsuya Kameda (The University of Tokyo)
17:00 – 17:20 Panel Discussion
17:20 – 17:30 Closing Remarks Toshio Yamagishi (Hitotsubashi University)
Notice: Dr. Patricia Smith Churchland cannot come to this meeting for certain reasons. Dr. Ralph Adolphs will give us a wonderful talk in the afternoon session.